Researcher: In Finland, half of human trafficking is related to sex

Researcher: In Finland, half of human trafficking is related to sex and half to the dream of a better life
On Wednesday, the Vantaa District Court sentenced four men for trafficking. The pizza chef had had to make up to 17-hour days without holidays for almost a year and a half.
CITY April 20, 2016 8:19 PM
Marja Salomaa
The THB has a face other than that of sex workers or forced laborers in sweat workshops in big cities.
A victim of human trafficking may well be an Indian man working in the back room of an Austrian seal who has been attracted to Finland in the hope of good merit and a better life.
Vantaa District Court on Wednesday sentenced four Indian men to be trafficked. Their relatives had had to work up to 17 hours without holidays for almost a year and a half. Wages did not wake up, health went.
Natalia Ollus, a researcher on labor trafficking and completing her doctoral dissertation, is able to list less than ten similar judgments from all over Finland.
There have been verdicts for Vietnamese nail studio keepers in Helsinki, for entrepreneurs in two different ethnic restaurants in Pirkanmaa and for a Kyrgyz foreman from a Finnish woodworking company who had forced Kyrgyz people to work hard.
“According to the lawsuits, human trafficking appears to be over-represented in ethnic communities, but it has to be said out loud that this is not ethnic crime. Judgments tell us who is in control, what we see or want to see, ”Ollus says.
In addition, workers with a foreign background who are ignorant of their rights and lacking language skills are easier to exploit than Finns.
Ollus also considers human trafficking to be a structural problem, where society allows abusers to trample on other people's rights.
In Finland, roughly half of the human trafficking cases that have been prosecuted are related to sexual trafficking and half to work-related trafficking. Unlike last year, slightly more victims of labor trafficking were exposed in Finland than in the rest of Europe.
“Almost all the victims of trafficking in human beings have come here because they wanted a better life. The court must be able to show that the original consent is irrelevant if the victims have been misled, misrepresented or exploited. "
In the past, the victim's own consent was also considered problematic in convictions for trafficking in human beings. "But man cannot consent to his own exploitation," Ollus curbs.
In the VETTAIN case, the victim of human trafficking came from a poor family branch. The main factor in India was the sponsor of his family, to which several relatives had a debt relationship.
At Ollus' workplace in Heun, the European Institute for Criminal Policy, it has come to the conclusion that human trafficking is about comprehensive control of the victim.
Comprehensive control is fostered if the victim does not speak the language, knows no one in the country other than the perpetrators, lives in and depends on the perpetrators. He has no money of his own.
A victim of trafficking in an Austrian pizzeria told police interviews that his only contact with Finnish society was when he saw children returning from school through the back room window in the afternoons. The back room had become his psychological prison.
According to OLLUS, what makes the Vantaa case special is the fact that the victim himself declared to the Finnish authorities that he was a victim. He had been given money for a holiday trip to India, and a friend trained there had been able to convince him that he had been cheated.
“It's really common for people not to see themselves as victims. Even if they see, they do not seek help or know where to go for help. If the victim does not speak, the police investigation will be difficult. ”
For the police in Eastern Uusimaa, the Vantaa trafficking case was the first major investigation under the new law. It was very difficult to talk to the fearful victim at first because he suspected the police would shoot.
“We may think that it would be worthwhile for the victim to seek help from the police. However, many victims of trafficking come from countries where the police treat people violently. ”
Trafficking in human beings as a crime
According to Finnish law, trafficking in human beings is sexual exploitation, forced labor or any other form of deprivation of liberty, or the sale of organs for economic gain, such as the offense of mating.
It is essential for the character of human trafficking to be fulfilled that the victim of a crime has been misled or subjected to, for example, prostitution for the sake of dependent status or insecurity.
The victim is usually addicted to a criminal who maintains the addiction by illegal means, such as threats, violence or restrictions on liberty. Trafficking in human beings is a crime against the individual.
The Finnish Criminal Code entered into force on 1 August 2004.
The sentence for trafficking in human beings shall be a minimxum of 4 months and a maximum of 6 years' imprisonment. Outrageous human trafficking is 2 to 10 years in prison.
This article was published in Helsingin Sanomat's online publication April 20, 2016 at: